damage */*/*/

damage */*/*/
I UK [ˈdæmɪdʒ] / US noun
Get it right: damage:
When damage means "harm or injury" it is an uncountable noun, and so: ▪  it is never used in the plural ▪  it never comes after a or a number
Wrong: These toxins can cause damages to the lungs and brains.
Right: These toxins can cause damage to the lungs and brains.
Wrong: They should consider the serious damages that their decisions may cause.
Right: They should consider the serious damage that their decisions may cause.
Wrong: A great damage has been done to agriculture, forests, and people's health.
Right: Great damage has been done to agriculture, forests, and people's health. The plural form damages is a specialized legal term meaning "money that a court orders you to pay someone because you have harmed them or their property". Mr Galloway was awarded substantial damages.
1) [uncountable] physical harm caused to something so that it is broken, spoiled, or injured

Mr Charlton surveyed the damage caused by the bulldozer.

damage to:

Damage to the building could take six months to repair.

do damage:

No damage had been done, and we pushed the van back onto the road.

suffer damage:

The house suffered only superficial damage in the fire.

serious/severe/extensive damage:

A fire had caused serious damage to their flat.

permanent/irreparable/irreversible damage:

Mining in the area was doing irreparable damage to the environment.

brain/liver/nerve damage:

a new drug to treat nerve damage

storm/flood/fire/bomb damage (= damage caused by a storm, fire etc):

Experts have been assessing the level of flood damage.


Collocations:
Adjectives frequently used with damage
▪  extensive, heavy, irreparable, irreversible, permanent, serious, severe, significant, untold, widespread
2) [uncountable] emotional or mental harm caused to someone

Many traumatic events may be overcome without lasting damage.

3) [uncountable] negative effects on someone or something
damage to:

The damage to the bank's image is extremely serious.

untold damage (= damage that is impossible to measure):

The revelations caused untold damage to his political reputation.

4) damages
[plural] legal money that a court orders you to pay someone because you have harmed them or their property

Mrs Owen was ordered to pay damages of £6,000.

The jury awarded damages of over $9 million to the victims.

what's the damage?humorous used for asking someone how much you have to pay them


II UK [ˈdæmɪdʒ] / US verb [transitive]
Word forms "damage":
present tense I/you/we/they damage he/she/it damages present participle damaging past tense damaged past participle damaged
1) to harm something physically so that it is broken, spoiled, or injured

Many buildings and cars had been damaged in the blast.

Jogging on roads can damage your knees.

badly/severely/seriously/extensively damage:

The house had been severely damaged by fire.

irreparably/permanently damage:

Environmentalists argue that the scheme would irreparably damage the island's ecology.

2) to have a negative effect on someone or something

This latest crisis could damage prospects for economic recovery.

badly/seriously/severely damage:

His political reputation has been seriously damaged by the scandal.


English dictionary. 2014.

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