damage */*/*/

damage */*/*/
I UK [ˈdæmɪdʒ] / US noun
Get it right: damage:
When damage means "harm or injury" it is an uncountable noun, and so: ▪  it is never used in the plural ▪  it never comes after a or a number
Wrong: These toxins can cause damages to the lungs and brains.
Right: These toxins can cause damage to the lungs and brains.
Wrong: They should consider the serious damages that their decisions may cause.
Right: They should consider the serious damage that their decisions may cause.
Wrong: A great damage has been done to agriculture, forests, and people's health.
Right: Great damage has been done to agriculture, forests, and people's health. The plural form damages is a specialized legal term meaning "money that a court orders you to pay someone because you have harmed them or their property". Mr Galloway was awarded substantial damages.
1) [uncountable] physical harm caused to something so that it is broken, spoiled, or injured

Mr Charlton surveyed the damage caused by the bulldozer.

damage to:

Damage to the building could take six months to repair.

do damage:

No damage had been done, and we pushed the van back onto the road.

suffer damage:

The house suffered only superficial damage in the fire.

serious/severe/extensive damage:

A fire had caused serious damage to their flat.

permanent/irreparable/irreversible damage:

Mining in the area was doing irreparable damage to the environment.

brain/liver/nerve damage:

a new drug to treat nerve damage

storm/flood/fire/bomb damage (= damage caused by a storm, fire etc):

Experts have been assessing the level of flood damage.

Adjectives frequently used with damage
▪  extensive, heavy, irreparable, irreversible, permanent, serious, severe, significant, untold, widespread
2) [uncountable] emotional or mental harm caused to someone

Many traumatic events may be overcome without lasting damage.

3) [uncountable] negative effects on someone or something
damage to:

The damage to the bank's image is extremely serious.

untold damage (= damage that is impossible to measure):

The revelations caused untold damage to his political reputation.

4) damages
[plural] legal money that a court orders you to pay someone because you have harmed them or their property

Mrs Owen was ordered to pay damages of £6,000.

The jury awarded damages of over $9 million to the victims.

what's the damage?humorous used for asking someone how much you have to pay them

II UK [ˈdæmɪdʒ] / US verb [transitive]
Word forms "damage":
present tense I/you/we/they damage he/she/it damages present participle damaging past tense damaged past participle damaged
1) to harm something physically so that it is broken, spoiled, or injured

Many buildings and cars had been damaged in the blast.

Jogging on roads can damage your knees.

badly/severely/seriously/extensively damage:

The house had been severely damaged by fire.

irreparably/permanently damage:

Environmentalists argue that the scheme would irreparably damage the island's ecology.

2) to have a negative effect on someone or something

This latest crisis could damage prospects for economic recovery.

badly/seriously/severely damage:

His political reputation has been seriously damaged by the scandal.

English dictionary. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Damage — may refer to: Contents 1 General concepts 1.1 Biology and medical 1.2 Law …   Wikipedia

  • damage — dam·age 1 n [Old French, from dam injury, harm, from Latin damnum financial loss, fine] 1: loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation 2 pl: the money awarded to a party in a civil suit as reparation for the loss or… …   Law dictionary

  • damage — [ damaʒ ] n. m. • 1838; de damer ♦ Techn. Action de damer le sol; son résultat. Le damage de la neige, d une piste de ski. ● damage nom masculin Action de damer. ⇒DAMAGE, subst. masc. Action de tasser de la terre ou tout autre matériau,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Damage — ist der Titel einer Comicserie, die der US amerikanische Verlag DC Comics von 1994 bis 1996 veröffentlichte. Die Serie war eine Mischung aus Abenteuer und Science Fiction Comic und handelte von den Erlebnissen eines gleichnamigen jugendlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Damage — Dam age (d[a^]m [asl]j; 48), n. [OF. damage, domage, F. dommage, fr. assumed LL. damnaticum, from L. damnum damage. See {Damn}.] 1. Injury or harm to person, property, or reputation; an inflicted loss of value; detriment; hurt; mischief. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damage — Damage, Inc. Saltar a navegación, búsqueda «Damage, inc.» Canción de Metallica álbum Master of Puppets Publicación 21 de febrero de 1986 …   Wikipedia Español

  • damage — ► NOUN 1) physical harm reducing the value, operation, or usefulness of something. 2) (damages) financial compensation for a loss or injury. ► VERB ▪ cause damage to. ● what s the damage? Cf. ↑what s the damage? …   English terms dictionary

  • Damage — Dam age, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Damaged} (d[a^]m [asl]jd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Damaging} (d[a^]m [asl]*j[i^]ng).] [Cf. OF. damagier, domagier. See {Damage}, n.] To occasion damage to the soundness, goodness, or value of; to hurt; to injure; to impair …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damage — Dam age (d[a^]m [asl]j), v. i. To receive damage or harm; to be injured or impaired in soundness or value; as, some colors in cloth damage in sunlight. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • damage — [n1] injury, loss accident, adulteration, adversity, affliction, bane, blemish, blow, breakage, bruise, casualty, catastrophe, cave in, contamination, corruption, debasement, depreciation, deprivation, destruction, deterioration, detriment,… …   New thesaurus

  • damage — [dam′ij] n. [ME < OFr < dam < L damnum, loss, injury: see DAMN] 1. injury or harm to a person or thing, resulting in a loss in soundness or value 2. [pl.] Law money claimed by, or ordered paid to, a person to compensate for injury or… …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”